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Halted Endpoints


Halted Endpoints -- Support for Halting and Halted Endpoints


#include <cyg/io/usb/usbs.h>

cyg_bool usbs_rx_endpoint_halted(usbs_rx_endpoint* ep);

void usbs_set_rx_endpoint_halted(usbs_rx_endpoint* ep, cyg_bool new_state);

void usbs_start_rx_endpoint_wait(usbs_rx_endpoint* ep, void (*)(void*, int) complete_fn, void * complete_data);

cyg_bool usbs_tx_endpoint_halted(usbs_tx_endpoint* ep);

void usbs_set_tx_endpoint_halted(usbs_tx_endpoint* ep, cyg_bool new_state);

void usbs_start_tx_endpoint_wait(usbs_tx_endpoint* ep, void (*)(void*, int) complete_fn, void * complete_data);


Normal USB traffic involves straightforward handshakes, with either an ACK to indicate that a packet was transferred without errors, or a NAK if an error occurred, or if a peripheral is currently unable to process another packet from the host, or has no packet to send to the host. There is a third form of handshake, a STALL, which indicates that the endpoint is currently halted.

When an endpoint is halted it means that the host-side code needs to take some sort of recovery action before communication over that endpoint can resume. The exact circumstances under which this can happen are not defined by the USB specification, but one example would be a protocol violation if say the peripheral attempted to transmit more data to the host than was permitted by the protocol in use. The host can use the standard control messages get-status, set-feature and clear-feature to examine and manipulate the halted status of a given endpoint. There are USB-specific functions which can be used inside the peripheral to achieve the same effect. Once an endpoint has been halted the host can then interact with the peripheral using class or vendor control messages to perform appropriate recovery, and then the halted condition can be cleared.

Halting an endpoint does not constitute a device state change, and there is no mechanism by which higher-level code can be informed immediately. However, any ongoing receive or transmit operations will be aborted with an -EAGAIN error, and any new receives or transmits will fail immediately with the same error.

There are six functions to support halted endpoints, one set for receive endpoints and another for transmit endpoints, with both sets behaving in essentially the same way. The first, usbs_rx_endpoint_halted, can be used to determine whether or not an endpoint is currently halted: it takes a single argument that identifies the endpoint of interest. The second function, usbs_set_rx_endpoint_halted, can be used to change the halted condition of an endpoint: it takes two arguments; one to identify the endpoint and another to specify the new state. The last function usbs_start_rx_endpoint_wait operates in much the same way as usbs_start_rx_buffer: when the endpoint is no longer halted the device driver will invoke the supplied completion function with a status of 0. The completion function has the same signature as that for a transfer operation. Often it will be possible to use a single completion function and have the foreground code invoke either usbs_start_rx_buffer or usbs_start_rx_endpoint_wait depending on the current state of the endpoint.