Configuration items are the individual entities that form a configuration. Each item corresponds to the setting of a C pre-processor macro (for example, CYGHWR_HAL_ARM_PID_GDB_BAUD). The code of eCos itself is written to test such pre-processor macros so as to tailor the code. User code can do likewise.
Configuration items come in the following flavors:
None: such entities serve only as place holders in the hierarchy, allowing other entities to be grouped more easily.
Boolean entities are the most common flavor; they correspond to units of functionality that can be either enabled or disabled. If the entity is enabled then there will be a #define; code will check the setting using, for example, #ifdef
Data entities encapsulate some arbitrary data. Other properties such as a set or range of legal values can be used to constrain the actual values, for example to an integer or floating point value within a certain range.
Booldata entities combine the attributes of Boolean and Data: they can be enabled or disabled and, if enabled, will hold a data value.
Like packages, configuration items exist in a tree-based hierarchy: each configuration item has a parent which may be another configuration item or a package. Under some conditions (such as when packages are added or removed from a configuration), items may be “re-parented” such that their position in the tree changes.
Expressions are relationships between CDL items. There are three types of expression in CDL:
Table 1-1. CDL Expressions
|Expression Type||Result||Common Use (see Table 1-2)|
|Ordinary||A single value||legal_values property|
|List||A range of values (for example “1 to 10”)||legal_values property|
|Goal||True or False||requires and active_if properties|
Each configuration item has a set of properties. The following table describes the most commonly used:
Table 1-2. Configuration properties
|Flavor||The “type” of the item, as described above|
|Enabled||Whether the item is enabled|
|Current_value||The current value of the item|
|Default_value||An ordinary expression defining the default value of the item|
|Legal_values||A list expression defining the values the item may hold (for example, 1 to10)|
|Active_if||A goal expression denoting the requirement for this item to be active (see below: Inactive Items)|
|Requires||A goal expression denoting requirements this item places on others (see below: Conflicts)|
|Calculated||Whether the item as non-modifiable|
|Macro||The corresponding C pre-processor macro|
|File||The C header file in which the macro is defined|
|URL||The URL of a documentation page describing the item|
|Hardware||Indicates that a particular package is related to specific hardware|
A complete description of properties is contained in the Component Writer’s Guide.
Descendants of an item that is disabled are inactive: their values may not be changed. Items may also become inactive if an active_if expression is used to make the item dependent on an expression involving other items.